Part II: Organics Olympiad 2012 - Global Indices of Leadership in Organic Agriculture
by Dr. John Paull
The oneco-series “Organics Olympiad 2012” presents within three weeks twelve indices of organics leadership with awards medals of gold, silver and bronze in each category.
Last Week we learned that Australia leads the world with land dedicated to organic agriculture, Finland wins Gold with organic wild hectares, Vietnam performs best in organic aquaculture, and Portugal leads in organic forestry. This time we will present you the diciplines:
- Number of Organic Producers
- Organic share of agricultural land and
- Organic per capita consumption.
BIODYNAMICSBiodynamic agriculture is a differentiated style of organic agriculture that derives from Rudolf Steiner’s Agriculture Course which he delivered in Koberwitz (Kobierzyce, Poland) in 1924. There are 144,497 biodynamic hectares reported across 48 countries. These totals are underestimates since some countries are unreported. Germany is the leading country and accounts for 45.8% of the global total. The leading three countries, Germany, Italy and France, together account for 56.7% of the world’s biodynamic hectares (Table 5).
ORGANIC PRODUCERSGlobal organics producers total 1,578,407 entities.This figure is an underestimate since some countries report farmers, while others report farms and/or agricultural entities. India is the leading country and accounts for 25.4% of the global total. The leading three countries, India, Uganda and Mexico, together account for 45.5% of the world’s producers (Table 6). No data was available for China.
ORGANIC SHAREThe Falkland Islands (Malvinas) is now the standout leader in terms of the percentage of agricultural land devoted to organic, with organics accounting for 35.9% of its total agricultural hectares. Liechtenstein follows with 27.3% of its agricultural land managed as organic, and this is followed by Austria with 19.7% (Table 7). Australia rates 2.9% on this measure, and the global figure is 0.9%.
|Gold||Falkland Islands (Malvinas)||35.9%|
ORGANIC CONSUMPTION Per CapitaGlobal sales of organic food and beverages are estimated at US$59.1 billion (€44.5 billion). Three European countries lead in the per capita consumption of organics. Switzerland is the world leader with an annual spend of €153 (US$213) per capita, followed by Denmark and Luxembourg (Table 8).
Look forward for the next week's disciplines:
- Organics Sales
- Increase in Organic Agriculture
- IFOAM Membership and
- Research Output for Organic Agriculture.
by Dr. John Paull
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by oneco editorial board, Susanne Franz
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by Dr. John Paull
The oneco-series “Organics Olympiad 2012” presents within three weeks twelve indices of organics leadership with awards medals of gold, silver and bronze in each category. more
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