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02/08/2012

Part II: Organics Olympiad 2012 - Global Indices of Leadership in Organic Agriculture

by Dr. John Paull

Part II: Organics Olympiad 2012 - Global Indices of Leadership in Organic Agriculture photo: photocase/kallejipp

The oneco-series “Organics Olympiad 2012” presents within three weeks twelve indices of organics leadership with awards medals of gold, silver and bronze in each category.

Last Week we learned that Australia leads the world with land dedicated to organic agriculture, Finland wins Gold with organic wild hectares, Vietnam performs best in organic aquaculture, and Portugal leads in organic forestry. This time we will present you the diciplines:

  • Biodynamics
  • Number of Organic Producers
  • Organic share of agricultural land and
  • Organic per capita consumption.

BIODYNAMICS

Biodynamic agriculture is a differentiated style of organic agriculture that derives from Rudolf Steiner’s Agriculture Course which he delivered in Koberwitz (Kobierzyce, Poland) in 1924. There are 144,497 biodynamic hectares reported across 48 countries. These totals are underestimates since some countries are unreported. Germany is the leading country and accounts for 45.8% of the global total. The leading three countries, Germany, Italy and France, together account for 56.7% of the world’s biodynamic hectares (Table 5).
MedalCountryStatistic
GoldGermany66,247 hectares
SilverItaly8,227 hectares
BronzeFrance7,500 hectares


ORGANIC PRODUCERS

Global organics producers total 1,578,407 entities.This figure is an underestimate since some countries report farmers, while others report farms and/or agricultural entities. India is the leading country and accounts for 25.4% of the global total. The leading three countries, India, Uganda and Mexico, together account for 45.5% of the world’s producers (Table 6). No data was available for China.
MedalCountryStatistic
GoldIndia400,551 producers
SilverUganda188,625 producers
BronzeMexico128,862 producers


ORGANIC SHARE

The Falkland Islands (Malvinas) is now the standout leader in terms of the percentage of agricultural land devoted to organic, with organics accounting for 35.9% of its total agricultural hectares. Liechtenstein follows with 27.3% of its agricultural land managed as organic, and this is followed by Austria with 19.7% (Table 7). Australia rates 2.9% on this measure, and the global figure is 0.9%.
MedalCountryStatistic
GoldFalkland Islands (Malvinas)35.9%
SilverLiechtenstein27.3%
BronzeAustria19.7%


ORGANIC CONSUMPTION Per Capita

Global sales of organic food and beverages are estimated at US$59.1 billion (€44.5 billion). Three European countries lead in the per capita consumption of organics. Switzerland is the world leader with an annual spend of €153 (US$213) per capita, followed by Denmark and Luxembourg (Table 8).
MedalCountryStatistic
GoldSwitzerland€153 (US$213)
SilverDenmark€142 (US$198)
BronzeLuxembourg€127 (US$177)


Look forward for the next week's disciplines:
  • Organics Sales
  • Increase in Organic Agriculture
  • IFOAM Membership and
  • Research Output for Organic Agriculture.
And of course we will present the Organic Olympiad Medals Tally. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________Table 5: Data Source: Demeter International; Table 6-8. Data source: Willer & Kilcher, 2012

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